This particular study was conducted with a view to gauge the existing resources under Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC). In the month of April¬ the North East Industrial & Technical Consultancy Organization (NEITCO) had asked the NERSWN officials to do a study to find out the feasibility of investment in different sectors. The following tasks have been undertaken under the project:-
- There are 10 sub-divisions in four districts of BTC. Each investigator was recruited for every sub-division.
- One research coordinator was appointed from the organization for each districts.
- The questionnaire was prepared for all the sectors.
- The investigators were invited to the head office and orientation about the survey and the questionnaire was given.
- The investigators or the data collectors were instructed to collect data from the heads of the different government and non-government organization at the sub-divisional level.
- The investigator had collected the data over the period of two months.
- The funding agency time to time inspected the progress of the survey works.
- The managing staff of the organization had also monitored the work closely and ensured¬ the timely completion of the survey.
- The data collected by the surveyors or investigators were analyzed.
- The analyzed data was developed into a complete report.
- The report was printed and submitted to the NEITCO.
Some of the highlights of the findings of the survey are given below:-
- After the creation of Bodoland Territorial Council the Panchayati Raj Institutions are replaced with the Village Council Development Committee (VCDC). VCDC is responsible for implementing all the developmental activities in the rural areas.
- In all four districts the geo-political issue is very common due to non-transfer of power and functions to the bifurcated or newly created district from the old districts.
- The handloom or weaving and the agriculture are the main source of employment.
- The banking services are very limited in the rural areas. In some of the region there are no concepts of banking system at all.
- The forest and water resources are found in plenty.
- The irrigation facilities are not available.
- Electricity and telephone connectivity are only in the urban areas baring few rural areas.
- There are no mentionable industries to process the raw materials and also to employ the local people.
- The education system is in bad shape. The private venture schools are more in numbers in comparison to the government schools.
- Transportation facilities are pathetic due to absence of motorable road in many parts. The rail connectivity is also not easily accessible for the rural masses of the entire four districts.
- The territorial council districts are surrounded by foreign countries like Bhutan, Bangladesh and also gateway to many Indian states like West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh etc. Therefore has very good scope for trade and commerce. But there has been lack of effort from the government to connect this region with business ties.
There are many important findings in the survey. The study has extensively gauged the resources in the region. The policy makers, planners and development worker can access the survey report from the NERSWN.